Atlas Information and Data

How to cite

When using these data, please cite the relevant data sources. A suggested citation is included in the following, exemplified for the information about Abies alba (please, adapt it to the taxon of interest):
  • Various authors, (exp. 2017). Abies alba in Europe: an outline on distribution, habitat, importance and threats. In: Online European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. FISE Comm. Publications Office of the European Union. pp. e01493b+. (Under review: please, check the current status at:
  • de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2016. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species: modelling, data and information on forest tree species. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publ. Off. EU, Luxembourg, pp. e01aa69+.
  • Caudullo, G., Welk, E., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2017. Chorological maps for the main European woody species. Data in Brief 12, 662-666. DOI:

Forest tree taxa: meta-information and data

RPP: Relative Probability of Presence
MHS: Maximum Habitat Suitability
CHO: Chorological maps
Botanical name
Common name
RPP information
MHS information
CHO information
Abies alba
Silver fir
Abies spp.
Circum-Mediterranean firs
└─ Abies borisii-regis
Bulgarian fir
└─ Abies cephalonica
Greek fir
└─ Abies cilicica
Cilician fir
└─ Abies nebrodensis
Sicilian fir
└─ Abies nordmanniana
Nordmann fir
└─ Abies numidica
Algerian fir
└─ Abies pinsapo
Spanish fir
Acer campestre
Field maple
Acer platanoides
Norway maple
Acer pseudoplatanus
Sycamore maple
Aesculus hippocastanum
European horse-chestnut
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of heaven
Alnus cordata
Italian alder
Alnus glutinosa
Common alder
Alnus incana
Grey alder
Alnus viridis
Green alder
Arbutus unedo
Strawberry tree
Betula spp.
└─ Betula pendula
Silver birch
└─ Betula pubescens
Downy birch
Carpinus betulus
Common hornbeam
Carpinus orientalis
Oriental hornbeam
Castanea sativa
Sweet chestnut
Celtis australis
Nettle tree
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Lawson cypress
Cornus mas
Cornelian cherry
Cornus sanguinea
Common dogwood
Corylus avellana
Common hazel
Cupressus sempervirens
Mediterranean cypress
Eucalyptus globulus
Tasmanian blue gum
Euonymus europaeus
Spindle tree
Fagus sylvatica
European beech
Frangula alnus
Alder buckthorn
Fraxinus angustifolia
Narrow-leaved ash
Fraxinus excelsior
Common ash
Fraxinus ornus
Manna ash
Ilex aquifolium
European holly
Juglans regia
Common walnut
Juniperus communis
Common juniper
Juniperus oxycedrus
Prickly juniper
Juniperus phoenicea
Phoenician juniper
Juniperus thurifera
Spanish juniper
Larix decidua
European larch
Olea europaea
Ostrya carpinifolia
European hop-hornbeam
Picea abies
Norway spruce
Picea omorika
Serbian spruce
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
Pinus cembra
Arolla pine
Pinus halepensis and P. brutia
Aleppo and Turkish pine
└─ Pinus halepensis
Aleppo pine
└─ Pinus brutia
Turkish pine
Pinus mugo
Dwarf mountain pine
Pinus nigra
Black pine
Pinus pinaster
Maritime pine
Pinus pinea
Stone pine
Pinus sylvestris
Scots pine
Populus alba
White poplar
Populus nigra
Black poplar
Populus tremula
Eurasian aspen
Prunus avium
Wild cherry
Prunus cerasifera
Cherry plum
Prunus mahaleb
Mahaleb cherry
Prunus padus
Bird cherry
Prunus spinosa
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas fir
Quercus cerris
Turkey oak
Quercus coccifera
Kermes oak
Quercus frainetto
Hungarian oak
Quercus ilex
Holm oak
Quercus palustris
Pin oak
Quercus pubescens
Downy oak
Quercus pyrenaica
Pyrenean oak
Quercus robur and Q. petraea
Pedunculate and sessile oak
└─ Quercus robur
Pedunculate oak
└─ Quercus petraea
Sessile oak
Quercus suber
Cork oak
Quercus trojana
Macedonian oak
Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust
Salix alba
White willow
Salix caprea
Goat willow
Sambucus nigra
Black elderberry
Sorbus aria
Common whitebeam
Sorbus aucuparia
Sorbus domestica
Service tree
Sorbus torminalis
Wild service tree
Tamarix spp.
Taxus baccata
European yew
Tilia spp.
└─ Tilia cordata
Small-leaved lime
└─ Tilia platyphyllos
Large-leaved lime
└─ Tilia tomentosa
Silver lime
Ulmus spp.
└─ Ulmus glabra
Wych elm
└─ Ulmus laevis
European white elm
└─ Ulmus minor
Field elm


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