Forest Fires

We monitor wildfires at the European and global scales, analysing wildfire regimes and impacts under current and future climate conditions.

The use of the term wildfires is currently preferred to that of forest fires, since many of the fires that occur both in Europe and at the global scale affect areas that are not considered forests. However, these fires are essential for the assessment of effects of fires and their impact on human populations and the environment

Our group works on the analysis of the effect of climate change on wildfire regimes and impacts in both Europe and the global scale. Changes in wildfire regimes in many regions of the world have been associated to the effects of climate change. Countries in Europe and USA, Chile, Indonesia, Australia, South Africa, etc. have suffered unprecedented damages by wildfires in the last decade.

Our activities on wildfires research are developed around two early warning and monitoring systems: the European Forest Fires Informations System (EFFIS) and the Global Wildfire Information System (GWIS).

Since 1998, the EFFIS has been developed by the JRC in close collaboration with national fire administrations in the countries and other European Commission services such as DG ENV and DG ECHO. Since October 2015, the development and operation of EFFIS is under the umbrella of the EU Copernicus Program, within the Copernicus Emergency Management Services.

GWIS is a Global Initiative of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO), which is led by the JRC and involves many space agencies and wildfire administrations at the global scale. GWIS is supported by both the EU Copernicus Program and the NASA Advanced Applications Program. Its activities are developed in close collaboration with GTOS (Global Terrestrial Observing System) and the Global Forest Cover Fire Implementation Team (GOFC Fire IT) and aim at characterizing and analysing wildfire regimes at national, regional and global scales.

 

Mission

As the science and knowledge service of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle.