European Fire Database

The European Fire Database contains the forest fire information compiled by EU Member States and other European countries.

The Regulation EEC No 804/94 (now expired) established a Community system of information on forest fires for which a systematic collection of a minimum set of data on each fire occurring, the so called “Common Core”, had to be carried out by the Member States participating in the system.

Following the Forest Focus regulation (EC) No 2152/2003, concerning monitoring of forests and environment interactions in the Community, the forest fire common core data was continued to be recorded in order to collect comparable information on forest fires at Community level.

Since 2004 the forest fire data provided each year by individual EU Member States and other European countries are checked, stored and managed by JRC within EFFIS. At present the database contains fire data from 21 countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey.

The public access to the database currently allows the users to retrieve general information such as maps of the number of fires for a selected year and for the countries for which data are available. Further analysis possibilities will be added in the near future.

Mission

As the science and knowledge service of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle.